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Chronology of Events Leading to the Establishment of the Republic of the Philippines


JAPANESE OCCUPATION
President Jose P. Laurel
December 8, 1941 –– Outbreak of the Greater East
Asia War.

January 3, 1942 –– Proclamation of the occupation of the Philippines and the establishment of a Japanese  Military Administration by the Highest Commander of the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines.
Prime Minister General Hideki Tojo (Tozyo)
January 21, 1942 –– Premier General Hideki Tozyo, addressing the 79th Imperial Diet in Tokyo, declares: Japan will gladly grant the Philippines its independence as long as it cooperates and recognizes Japan’s  program of establishing a Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.

January 23, 1942 –– Organization of the Philippine Executive Commission, with Jorge B. Vargas as Chairman.

January 30, 1942 –– The Highest Commander of the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines approves  the Articles of Organization of the Philippine Council of State. Chairman Jorge B. Vargas of the Executive  Commission issues Executive Order No. 1, creating and organizing the Central Aministravie Organs and the Judicial Courts.

April 8, 1942 –– Organization of the Constabulary.

April 11, 1942 –– Fall of Corregidor leading to the unconditional surrender of the United States Army in the Philippines.

July 1, 1942 –– First provisional release of Filipino prisoners of war from the concentration camp at Capas,  Tarlac.

July 19, 1942 –– Proclamation of the national language Tagalog as one of the official languages of the Philippines.


December 4, 1942 –– Dissolution of the various political parties in the Philippines.

December 8, 1942 –– Organization of the Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI), with Jorge B. Vargas as President and Benigno S. Aquino as Vice-President and Director-General.

January 29, 1943 –– Premier General Tozyo, addressing the 81st Imperial Diet, declares: . . . on condition that further evidence of cooperation is actively demonstrated it is contemplated to put into effect the statement made previously on the question of Philippine independence in the shortest possible time. In  Manila, the Director-General of the Military Administration announces a three-point program for   independence envisioning the complete restoration of peace and order, economic self-sufficiency, and  cultural re-orientation.

March 13, 1943 –– The Philippine Executive Commission puts into effect a Five-Year Plan to make the Philippines economically self-sufficient.


May 6, 1943 –– Premier General Tozyo, addressing a mammoth popular rally in Manila, declares:  I note  with great satisfaction that you are actively forging ahead in your tasks of creating a new Philippines and  under the circumstances I am convinced more then ever on the property of your early independence.

May 21, 1943 –– Organization of the Central Pacification committee, with Commissioner of the Interior Jose
P. Laurel as Chairman.

June 16, 1943 –– Premier General Tozyo, addressing the 82nd Imperial Diet, declares:  . . . we will accord  the honor of independence to the Philippines in the course of the current year.

June 20, 1943 –– Organization of the Preparatory commission for Philippine Independence, with Jose P. Laurel as President, Ramon Avanceña as First Vice-President and Benigno S. Aquino as Second Vice-President.

September 4, 1943 –– Formal approval of the draft of the Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines by  the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence. 

September 7, 1943 –– Ratification of the Constitution by a special general assembly of the KALIBAPI.

September 20, 1943 –– Election of the elective members of the National Assembly of the Republic of the  Philippines.

September 25, 1943 –– Election of Dr. Jose P. Laurel as first President of the Republic of the Philippines at  the first special session of the National Assembly, which was organized on the same day with Hon. Benigno  S. Aquino as Speaker.

October 14, 1943 –– Inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His  Excellency, Jose P. Laurel, President of the Republic of the Philippines.
Homma Masaharu
Chronology of Events Leading to the Establishment of the Republic of the Philippines
page 03 - By: WILLY B. PAÑGILINAN │Operation Eposé Vol. 10 Blg. 03 July 29 - August 04, 2012  


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